Transgender Youth and Access to Healthcare

Regardless of current proof displaying that debates concerning the restriction of transgender individuals’ rights have negatively impacted LGBTQ+ youth psychological well being[1] and that physicians usually oppose laws that interferes in or criminalizes affected person care,[2] state legislatures throughout america have launched and, in some instances, even handed payments that deny transgender youth entry to best-practice medical care by criminalizing physicians for offering gender-affirming care. Whereas not all the proposed payments have handed[3], these anti-transgender politicians have continued their assault on the rights of transgender individuals.[4]

As of April 7, 2022, Gov. Kay Ivey of Alabama signed SB184 and HB322, which makes it a felony to present gender-affirming medical remedy to transgender youth underneath the age of 9, a criminal offense punishable by up to 10 years in jail.[5] This invoice provides to the anti-transgender legal guidelines already enacted by Arkansas and Tennessee. On April 8, 2021, Tennessee’s Basic Meeting adopted and handed Senate Invoice 126, which “prohibits a healthcare prescriber from prescribing a course of treatment that involves hormone treatment for gender dysphoric or gender incongruent prepubertal minors. . . .”[6] As of Feb. 2, 2022, Tennessee Consultant John Ragan launched HB 2835, which seeks to ban gender-affirming surgical procedures for minors and would impose penalties on any medical supplier who offered one of these medical care.[7] Additionally in February, Texas Gov. Greg Abbott ordered the Texas Division of Household and Protecting Companies “to investigate child abuse claims filed against parents who might be providing their transgender children with gender-affirming medical care.”[8] On March 23, 2020, the Arkansas Senate handed a invoice that bans entry to gender-affirming look after transgender minors, together with puberty blockers and hormones, which impacted about 1,450 younger folks above the age of 13.[9]

Though proponents of anti-transgender legal guidelines have been unrelenting, the Alabama, Arkansas, and Texas legal guidelines have confronted pushback from the federal court docket system primarily based on the argument that these legal guidelines violate the equal safety clause of the U.S. Structure’s Fourteenth Modification.[10] Moreover, lawmakers from states like California, New York, and Minnesota have coordinated a response to defend transgender youth’s entry to gender-affirming medical care.[11] Whereas federal courts and LGBTQ+ supportive states have assisted in defending the rights of transgender individuals, the campaign in opposition to transgender rights have led many to name for federal laws, such because the Equality Act, which might prohibit discrimination primarily based on people’ sexual orientation or gender identification.[12]


FOOTNOTES

[1] “The Trevor Project reported that between January and August 2021, crisis contacts from LGBTQ youth in Texas seeking support increased 150% compared with the same time period in 2020. Many transgender and nonbinary youth stated they were feeling stressed, using self-harm, and considering suicide due to anti-LGBTQ laws being debated in their state.” https://www.americanprogress.org/article/the-2022-legislative-landscape-…

[2] https://www.psychiatry.org/newsroom/news-releases/frontline-physicians-o…

[3] On March 9, 2021, a bill to amend the South Carolina code of laws was submitted to “prohibit the performance of a medical procedure or the prescription or issuance of medication, upon or to a minor, that is intended to alter the appearance of the minor’s gender or delay puberty, with exceptions; to create criminal penalties.” As of Could 9, 2022, this invoice remains to be in committee within the South Carolina Home of Representatives. On Aug. 9, 2021, a bill was submitted to the Texas Legislature that would prohibit liability coverage to a doctor who carried out gender-reaffirming surgical procedure.

[4]For instance, quite a lot of states have introduced laws that may prohibit transgender women and women from competing on teams that align with their gender identity, typically together with intramural and membership groups. 

[5] https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2022/apr/08/alabama-transgender-youth-medical-care-bill?msclkid=d0da034ccfb911ecaf68b88fa551eda2
http://alisondb.legislature.state.al.us/ALISON/SearchableInstruments/2022RS/PrintFiles/SB184-eng.pdf.

[6] https://wapp.capitol.tn.gov/apps/Billinfo/default.aspx?BillNumber=HB1027…

[7] https://www.wbir.com/article/news/local/lawmaker-introduces-bill-banning-transgender-healthcare-for-minors-in-tennessee/51-297518b8-6a04-4f09-9a8d-99bdbbf3d2fc

[8] https://www.nbcnews.com/nbc-out/out-politics-and-policy/texas-supreme-court-issues-mixed-ruling-trans-care-minors-rcna28747

[9] https://www.nbcnews.com/feature/nbc-out/arkansas-passes-bill-ban-gender-…

[10] https://www.reuters.com/world/us/us-justice-department-challenges-alabama-law-trans-youth-care-2022-04-29/https://www.cnn.com/2021/07/21/politics/arkansas-transgender-health-care-law-temporarily-blocked/index.htmlhttps://www.nbcnews.com/nbc-out/out-politics-and-policy/texas-supreme-court-issues-mixed-ruling-trans-care-minors-rcna28747

[11] https://www.msn.com/en-us/news/us/u-s-lawmakers-in-16-states-to-introduc…

[12] https://transequality.org/blog/the-equality-act-what-transgender-people-…

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