EPA Seeks Information on End-of-Life Management of Batteries and Current Labeling Standards and Requirements Regarding Their End-of-Life

The U.S. Environmental Safety Company’s (EPA) Workplace of Useful resource Conservation and Restoration (ORCR) printed a request for info (RFI) on June 9, 2022, in search of info on the end-of-life administration of batteries, together with their era, assortment, recycling, and reuse, in addition to the present labeling requirements and necessities for batteries concerning their end-of-life. 87 Fed. Reg. 35202. In response to the RFI, EPA is creating greatest practices with respect to the gathering of batteries to be recycled, in addition to establishing a program meant to advertise battery recycling via the event of voluntary labeling pointers for batteries and communication supplies for battery producers and shoppers as directed by the Infrastructure Funding and Jobs Act of 2021. Feedback are due July 11, 2022. In response to the RFI, EPA will maintain suggestions periods offering a chance for stakeholders to offer oral feedback. EPA has posted the dates and occasions for the suggestions periods on its website — June 14, 2022, 11:00 a.m. – 12:30 p.m. (EDT), and June 15, 2022, 1:30 – 3:00 p.m. (EDT). EPA states that stakeholders can keep knowledgeable concerning the suggestions periods by subscribing online.

EPA states that the RFI seeks info on each single-use batteries, also called main batteries, and rechargeable batteries, also called secondary batteries; all battery chemistries, together with however not restricted to: lithium primarily based, nickel-metal hydride, and different battery chemistries; and all battery varieties, corresponding to small shopper batteries, giant format batteries (together with electrical automobiles and grid vitality storage), and industrial batteries utilized in manufacturing, business companies, and healthcare operations, to tell the scope of the battery assortment greatest practices, voluntary labeling pointers for batteries, and different kinds of communication supplies for battery producers and shoppers concerning the reuse and recycling of essential supplies from batteries. The RFI seeks enter from all stakeholders concerned within the battery lifecycle from its manufacture to its end-of-life administration, together with however not restricted to the general public, business, researchers, academia, state, tribal, and native governments, different federal businesses, group teams, non-governmental organizations (NGO), and worldwide organizations. Along with stakeholders concerned with small shopper batteries, EPA notes that it is also all in favour of acquiring enter from stakeholders concerned with giant format batteries (together with electrical automobiles and grid vitality storage), and industrial batteries utilized in manufacturing, business companies, and healthcare operations.

EPA states that it has already endeavored to study concerning the correct end-of-life administration of batteries from its earlier work to extend the recycling of batteries or electronics. To construct on this info and higher inform the event of greatest practices with respect to the gathering of batteries to be recycled and set up a program to advertise battery recycling via the event of voluntary labeling pointers for batteries and communication supplies underneath the Bipartisan Infrastructure Legislation, EPA recognized a number of key info classes on which stakeholder insights can be most useful:

  • Scope and prioritization of the battery assortment greatest practices: The urged questions present a chance for all commenters to supply enter on the battery varieties, corresponding to small shopper batteries and giant format batteries (together with electrical automobiles and grid vitality storage) and battery chemistries, together with however not restricted to: lithium primarily based, nickel-metal hydride, and different battery chemistries to tell the scope of one of the best practices. For lead-acid batteries, EPA states that it’s conscious that these batteries are manufactured with antimony, a essential mineral, and are at present recycled at a excessive fee, particularly from automobiles; thus, lead-acid batteries could not have to be thought-about within the battery assortment greatest practices. EPA is all in favour of info on different lead-acid batteries, nevertheless, corresponding to small, sealed lead-acid batteries that is probably not recycled at a excessive fee. The urged questions additionally search info to tell the prioritization of which battery varieties/chemistries the gathering greatest practices ought to goal that can assist enhance the restoration of essential minerals, whereas additionally guaranteeing secure used battery recycling. EPA can be all in favour of any current research or studies with background info on batteries and their assortment and recycling, in addition to batteries embedded in gadgets and standalone batteries.

  • Understanding the battery assortment and recycling system: To assist EPA higher perceive the end-of-life assortment and administration of batteries, EPA requests info on the important thing entities within the battery recycling course of, together with all of the middleman amenities within the course of. Along with shopper batteries, EPA states that it is also all in favour of info on electrical car and grid vitality storage batteries.

  • Information on labeling pointers for batteries concerning reuse and recycling: Beneath the Bipartisan Infrastructure Legislation, EPA is required to develop voluntary labeling pointers for batteries and different kinds of communication supplies for battery producers and shoppers concerning the reuse and recycling of essential supplies from batteries. To undertake this effort, EPA states that it want to acquire enter on the scope of the event of voluntary labeling pointers and perceive current battery labeling pointers, in addition to different kinds of communication supplies for battery producers and shoppers concerning the reuse and recycling of essential supplies from batteries, together with info on the present communication supplies which have been developed on the end-of-life administration of batteries. Along with labeling pointers and communication supplies for shopper batteries, EPA is also all in favour of communication supplies for electrical car and grid vitality storage batteries.

  • Information on battery reuse and recycling communication supplies directed in direction of battery producers and shoppers: Beneath the Bipartisan Infrastructure Legislation, EPA is required to develop different kinds of communication supplies for battery producers and shoppers concerning the reuse and recycling of essential supplies from batteries. To undertake this effort, EPA states that it want to perceive the present communication supplies which have been developed on the reuse and recycling of essential supplies from batteries geared towards battery producers and shoppers. EPA additionally want to perceive the present communication supplies which have been developed to assist shoppers on how and the place to recycle their batteries. In response to the RFI, along with communication supplies about small shopper battery recycling, EPA is also all in favour of current communications supplies about giant format (electrical car and grid vitality storage) batteries and industrial batteries.

Following every info class, the RFI features a record of urged questions for stakeholders to think about in making ready feedback. In response to the RFI, EPA is all in favour of details about small format, giant format, and industrial batteries. EPA encourages commenters to offer every other suggestions or info that EPA ought to take into account in creating greatest practices for the gathering of batteries to be recycled, voluntary labeling pointers for batteries, and communication supplies for battery producers and shoppers concerning the reuse and recycling of essential supplies from batteries. EPA requests that commenters embrace, wherever doable, supporting knowledge or different qualitative info corresponding to details about the boundaries and challenges to amassing batteries for recycling and battery labels, profitable battery assortment applications and battery labels, and particulars on measurable advantages for business, authorities, or shoppers.

Commentary

This RFI is an element of a collection of RFIs that EPA is issuing to tell the event of new applications underneath the Bipartisan Infrastructure Legislation. Different RFIs which might be associated embrace these on the Strong Waste Infrastructure for Recycling Grant Program (87 Fed. Reg. 35200) and the Recycling Training and Outreach — Grant Program and Mannequin Recycling Program Toolkit (87 Fed. Reg. 35197). As well as, the U.S. Division of Vitality can be issuing future info requests to advise their work to help battery recycling underneath the Bipartisan Infrastructure Legislation, together with a number of grant applications that help battery assortment, secure storage and transportation, recycling, and second-use. The stakeholder enter to this RFI will inform EPA’s efforts to develop greatest practices with the gathering of batteries to be recycled, in addition to to determine a program to advertise battery recycling via the event of voluntary labeling pointers for batteries and different kinds of communication supplies for battery producers and shoppers concerning the reuse and recycling of essential supplies from batteries.

This request from EPA offers stakeholders a chance to tell and remark on greatest practices for the event of steerage and the development of voluntary labeling. Efforts by overseas jurisdictions to deal with the complexity of battery recycling applications must also present alternatives for feedback from events as EPA undertakes these efforts to raised perceive recovering and recycling from each shopper and industrial finish makes use of. EPA offers, with this RFI, a chance to remark on particular actions of different events, lively on this area on a worldwide scale, to weigh in and higher inform future actions on this essential waste stream.

Source link